LASIK Complications: Risks to Consider from Laser Eye Surgery

Hudson Valley LASIK Complications

Sep 6, 2014 @ 09:25 AM — by Richard Gordon
Tagged with: Lasik | Complications |

An eye seen in close upThe team at Palisades Laser Eye Center has helped patients throughout the greater Pomona area achieve excellent vision through advanced eye care treatments. This includes LASIK, a refractive surgery procedure that can reduce your dependence on corrective lenses. LASIK is extremely effective, but it's important that patients understand the potential risks involved with the procedure. We'd like to focus on LASIK complications right now so you understand the risks that are involved in refractive surgery and have realistic expectations about the outcomes of laser vision correction.

How common are LASIK complications?

LASIK complications are thankfully not that common thanks to advances in laser vision correction technology and refinements in surgical technique. That said, there is still a risk of complications occurring. It's important that patients be fully informed of these potential complications so that they have realistic expectations about the surgical process as a whole.

Corneal Flap Problems

During LASIK, a small flap is created on the topmost layer of the cornea, which is known as the epithelium. This epithelial flap is lifted up in order for the cornea to be reshaped via laser, after which the flap is then set back down to heal. If the flap does not set properly, wrinkles and folds may form on the flap, which can cause problems with overall vision quality.

Some examples of corneal flap complications include:

  • Ingrowth of external epithelial cells
  • Diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK), which refers to inflammation occurring under the epithelial flap
  • Kerataconus, which refers to the outward bulging of the eye

Undercorrection or Overcorrection

Undercorrection and overcorrection refer to cases in which the LASIK surgery does not properly revise the corneal shape. Undercorrection, unlike overcorrection, can at least be revised through a secondary LASIK procedure.

Chronic Dry Eye Syndrome

During LASIK surgery, the nerves of the cornea are severed. While they will heal eventually, patients will experience problems producing tears and proper eye moisture in the meantime. For most patients this will only last a few weeks, though in some very rare instances, the dry eye may be chronic and persistent and last for years.

Eye Infections

Infection is always a potential complication following surgery, so it's important to keep that in mind as a potential risk from LASIK. Thankfully eye infection has been made far less likely thanks to advances in LASIK technology. All-laser LASIK has allows surgeons to increase the safety and effectiveness of the procedure and reduce making actual physical contact with the eye.

Preventing LASIK Complications

The best way for patients to avoid these kinds of LASIK complications from occurring is to follow their pre-operative and post-operative instructions to the letter. These instructions are in place so that optimal healing conditions are in place and so that patients are able to heal as quickly as possible.

Learn More About Laser Vision Correction

If you would like to learn more about LASIK surgery and whether or not it is right for you, be sure to contact our laser vision correction center today. At Palisades Laser Eye Center, we will help you make the best possible choices with regard to your eye health and vision quality.